The debates about the formation of Lake Baikal still go on. Some scientists claim it was formed 35 millions of years ago, while others make them 25 million. But the history of Baikal lake as to its inhabitance is clearer. Here are some facts you might have not heard about the first people, who actually lived near the deepest lake on the earth.
According to the official historical researches, the first tribe that inhabited Lake Baikal is Kurykans. They are also known as the fathers of 2 main ethnic groups. These are the Buryats and the Yakuts. The first wars that have pointed Lake Baikal as the epicenter of Earth land division is the Han-Xiongnu war. During this war, Han dynasty wins. And this is the time, when the lake was proclaimed as something really big, as big as a sea, as the biggest water basin in a specific category. It was then called the huge sea.
And how about Russian appetite to Lake Baikal? The first invasion and wars with Russian participation were in 17th century, when Russia accepts Siberian land for the first time of its history. This is when Lake Baikal becomes a Russian inheritance for the first time – officially – as well.
Later on, dozens of wars took place here, at the valley of Lake Baikal. However, later, during the Renaissance and even more modern times – at the end of 19th century and the beginning of 20th century, the first industrial activities were signed here.
Lake Baikal was then connected to the world with railway. For this purpose 200 bridges and more than 30 tunnels have been constructed and made for less than 10 years. Once the railway was completed, the first hydrogeographical expedition was made here. It was headed by Drizhenko – a brave and very famous scientist and Russian enthusiast for exploration of deep waters and mysterious lands like the land near Baikal lake.